Violence is a crime….who is accused?

Many women around the world suffer from violence, which is considered a humanitarian crime that violates their rights and dignity, and the problem has become more serious and complex, according to what many studies indicate, which show a steady increase in the number of abused women.

In Syria, since the beginning of the Syrian crisis in March 2011, human rights have significantly declined.  This protracted crisis has exacerbated and escalated its impact on the vulnerability of Syrian women and girls, causing increased and diversified risks to both men and women, girls and boys.  Many families were torn apart and communities destroyed.  Schools and hospitals were destroyed with weak protection, security and justice systems.

 Crimes of gender-based no violence have immediate and long-term devastating effects on the lives of survivors, their families and the communities in which they live, changing the situation and future of the region.

 In times of conflict, everyone is affected by violence, but women and girls in particular are at greater risk of violence, especially gender-based violence, due to the absence of social protection and the lack of safe access to services.  There is widespread recognition that gender-based violence against women and girls increases during conflict, including domestic violence, sexual violence, sexual exploitation, and child marriage.  In Syria, the average life expectancy of a woman decreased from 75 to 55 as a result of the various types of violence she was subjected to, including murder, rape, trafficking in women, disability and widowhood, poverty, delinquency, unemployment, and low educational level.

 The demographic change of the population and the life of the displaced Syrian inside or outside the country must have great psychological effects, and the victims of these effects are often women who live with men, where beating a wife or sister is an excuse to unload the psychological repression resulting from the war, which added to that.  The number of rape cases of women and children increased significantly, which put pressure on the population in many areas.

 The Syrian society is exposed to many dangers, as a result of the emergence of signs of family disintegration, especially in terms of violence to which both women and children are exposed, as the crisis has resulted in this unacceptable violence, and it is necessary to reconsider the laws in this field, especially those articles contained  In the Syrian Penal Code, which oppresses women greatly, despite the numerous calls for its amendment.

 The Syrian Network for Human Rights has documented the killing of more than 15,000 women, the arrest of more than 6,500 women, in addition to the exposure of more than 7,500 women to cases of sexual violence. However, despite these numbers, acts of violence committed against Syrian women are still valid until this moment and exceed  The borders of the Syrian country continue, and the war and displacement journeys continue.

 At least one out of every three women in the world has experienced violence

 Types of gender-based violence


 Physical force that results in injury, pain, or impairment.  The severity of the injury ranges from minor tissue damage to bone fractures to permanent injury and death.  Such as: partner beating/domestic violence and assault


 Any sexual act, attempted sexual act, unwelcome sexual comments or sexual advances, transmission, or otherwise directed at a person’s sexual life, under duress by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, anywhere, including  Including, but not limited to, home and work.  Such as: rape, harassment, marital rape, abuse/child sexual abuse/exploitation/incest, enforced prostitution, child prostitution and sex trafficking


 Psychological violence (sometimes referred to as emotional violence) is an act or group of actions that directly impairs a woman’s psychological well-being.  Such as: humiliation, discrimination, denial of opportunities and/or services, and domestic violence

 harmful traditional practices

 Violence perpetrated primarily against women and girls in some societies has long been seen by abusers as part of acceptable practices in their culture.  The most common are early marriage, “honour killings”, punishments targeting women for crimes against the prevailing culture, and denial of education and food for girls/women due to social expectations of gender roles.


 It is used to deprive women of access to and control over resources, including time, money, transportation, food, or money. The emergence of extremist and terrorist groups such as ISIS and its sisters has added a new dimension to sexual violence, which is being used as a tactic of terrorism.  If you look at the Middle East, you will find a number of parties involved in the conflict that are not countries,

  The consequences of gender-based violence

 the individual

 Direct injuries such as fractures and bleeding, and long-term physical conditions and mental health, such as depression and anxiety.

 Sexual and reproductive health problems, such as sexually transmitted diseases, unintended and unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions.

 Gender-based violence deprives girls of educational opportunities.  School-related violence limits educational opportunities and girls’ achievement.  Substance abuse (including alcohol)


 The effects of intergenerational violence on school attendance and the performance of children and family members Decline in the health status and quality of life of family members Culture of violence Survivor’s refusal to witness spousal violence in childhood

 the society

 Gender inequality and violence impede countries’ efforts to reduce poverty, which reflects on economic and health costs

 prevailing norms give men control over women strict gender roles The concept of masculinity is linked to dominance, honor and aggression Acceptance of violence as a means of conflict resolution

 The impact of gender-based violence against women and girls, in addition to suffering and intangible effects on quality of life and well-being, extends to include consequences for the survivor and her family in terms of health (mental and physical), work and money, and its effects

 on children.

 Of the ten causes selected as risk factors for disability and death among women aged 15-44, rape and domestic violence rank higher than cancer, traffic accidents, war and malaria.

 And to reduce women-based violence calls for: Rapid response to the crisis.  Providing specialized service providers.  integration with sexual and reproductive health care;  Comprehensive sexual education.  Rights-based legal environment Effective data collection, evidence-based policies, a multi-sectoral approach, and work with multiple stakeholders to reduce violence and its impacts.


Prepared by Lena Karam

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